Yikes! Syphilis, a killer disease which was almost eliminated in the 1960’s has returned with a startling vengeance. As state policy has shifted focus onto HIV/AIDs prevention, China has been left without a comprehensive public STI screening programme. Health expert Paul Causey also cites the issue of screening married gay and bisexual men, many of whom remain deeply closeted and hard to reach. In addition, a booming economy means “both businessmen and migrant labourers [have] more cash and opportunity to pay for unsafe sex while away from home” and this has led to the shocking rise of maternal syphilis in China.