Picture of Du Yuesheng from Tales of Old Shanghai
Here’s Part II of my attempt to take a closer look at all of Shanghai’s 155 “important heritage sites” that are currently unprotected. Here are the houses and locations in Huangpu, Zhabei and Putuo districts which include amongst them the first homes of Shanghai’s most notorious gangsters, a gorgeous villa of the founder of China’s largest pre-revolution English-language newspaper and the mill where a protest leader was killed, sparking China’s May 30th anti-foreign movement!
Part 1 is here.
张晓林故居 – Zhang Xiaolin’s old house at 180 Ninghai Xi Lu: Zhang Xiaolin was one of the “three Shanghai tycoons” and, along with Du Yuesheng, was a leader of the Shanghai Green Gang . In 1939, with the Japanese capture of Shanghai, he was to be psuedo-governor of Zhejiang. He was assassinated in 1940.
杜月笙故居 – Du Yuesheng’s old house at 184 Ninghai Xi Lu Du Yuesheng (or Big-eared Du) is one of the most famous Chinese gangsters in history. Leader of the Green Gang, opium smuggler, and KMT supporter, he led quite a life before he finally died (some say blind and poor) in Hong Kong.
陈鹤琴故居 – Chen Heqin’s old house at 304 Beijing Xi Lu- Chen Heqin was one of the first modern Chinese theoreticians of early childhood education, who developed teacher training programs that emphasized child psychology. He also believed in education for the handicapped. While little known in the West (despite being educated at Columbia), his thoughts are still distributed in Chinese education circles today.
马立斯旧邸 – Morris Old Mansion at Lane 155, 50 Weihai Lu – I believe this is an old home of Benjamin Morris, who owned the North China Daily News, the oldest English-language newspaper in China. They are better known for their sprawling estate, now called The Ruijin Hotel, on Ruijin Er Lu.
瞿秋白南市寓所 – Qu Qiubai’s southern residence at 68 Zixia Lu: Qu Qiubai was a translator, writer and Soviet expert who became acting Chairman of the Chinese Politburo in 1927 after the fall of Chen Duxiu. Unable to go on the Long March with his comrades due to tuberculosis, he was caught by the KMT and executed.
邱倍山、邱渭卿故居 – Qiu Beishan, Qiu Weiqing’s ancient residence at 412 Weihai Lu: Qiu Weiqing was apparently a industrial businessman who made it rich after taking over a factory started by one Richard Lawless. He was a philanthropist who then donated much of the money he made to helping abandoned children, famine relief and other good deeds.
May 30th Movement propaganda poster from Wikipedia
彭湃烈士在沪革命活动地点 – Peng Pai Martyr’s Shanghai Liberation Activity Grounds at Lane 613 Xinzha Lu No.12: Peng Pai was a pioneer of the Chinese agrarian movement and peasants’ rights activist, a prominent revolutionary, and one of the leaders of Chinese Communist Party (CCP) at its earlier stage.” In 1929, he was secretly killed at Longhua by the KMT.
邓中夏旧居 – Deng Zhongxia’s old house at Lane 403 Baoshan Lu: Deng Zhongxia was one of China’s foremost labor activists and a Marxist intellectual. He was also one of the founders of the Chinese Communist Party.
郑逸梅故居 – Zheng Yimei’s ancient residence at Lane 60 Changshou Lu No. 1: A very prolific author and member of the original CPPCC in Shanghai, Zheng Yimei was villainized during the Cultural Revolution but made a comeback once it ended. From 1981 to his death, it was said he wrote 500,000 words a year. He has over 50 books published in his name.
顾正红烈士殉难处 The Martyr Gu Zhenghong’s place of sacrifice at 306 Aomen Lu:
Gu Zhenghong was a young CCP member whose death at the hands of the Japanese led to the May 30 Movement. He was shot dead at a mill factory after protesting the cruel treatment of workers, which caused millions to strike and protest foreign-run industries.