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Part III of an ongoing series taking a closer look at all of Shanghai’s 155 “important heritage sites” that are currently unprotected. Here are the locations in Luwan (French Concession!) and Jiading Districts – which housed the creator of the Chinese alphabet (bopomofo!), the poor discarded second wife of Chiang Kai-shek, and China’s best art forger.
Part I and Part II.
吴稚晖故居 – Wu Jingheng’s ancestral home at Lane 148 Nanchang Lu No. 10: Wu Jingheng (also known as Woo Tsin-hang) was a Chinse lingquist that helped create Zhuyin Fuhao, the alphabet for Chinese pronunciation that seems to only be used in Taiwan nowadays. He moved to Taiwan with the KMT and died in Taipei.
杨度故居 – Yang Du’s ancestral home at Lane 155 Jianguo Zhong Lu No. 13: Yang Du, previously known as Yang Chengchan, was as Baidu calls it an “unusual politician for his time,” having dabbled in the Qing Dynasty, Yuan Shikai’s failed monarchy, the KMT and the Chinese Communist Party (though he never saw them win over China). Besides being a member of every major Chinese movement of the early 20th century, he was also a poet and a historian.
汪亚尘旧居 Wang Yachen’s old residence at Lane 155 Jianguo Zhong Lu No. 1: Another famous painter, he’s known for starting the “Oriental Art Association” in 1915 and for leaving to the United States to spread the art of Chinese painting through lectures and exhibitions for nearly 30 years.
沈迈士故居 – Shen Maishi’s ancestral residence at Lane 553 Fuxing Zhong Lu No. 1 : Shen Maishi was a famous Chinese painter and a Fudan University graduate. After the KMT’s Northern Expedition, he became the Secretary of the Zhejinag Provincial Government. He resigned soon after (he apparently hated the corruption) and began selling paintings for a living. In 1949, he was elected into the Heritage Committee of Shanghai.
吴湖帆故居 – Wu Hufan’s ancestral residence at 88 Songshan Lu: Wu Hufan was one of the most important experts of Chinese art in the early 20th century. While he was a landscape painter as well, apparently his documentation and commentary of the art of his time has created a greater legacy for himself.
陈其美故居 – Chen Qimei’s ancestral home on Lane 92 Danshui Lu No. 2: Chinese revolutionary, political ally of Sun Yat-sen and early mentor of Chiang Kai-shek, Chen Qimei is considered one of the founders of the Republic of China. A university previously named after him is now a part of Fudan University. He was assassinated in 1916 by Yuan Shikai.
Photo from Wikipedia
李烈钧故居 – Li Liejun’s ancestral home on 91 Sinan Lu: Li Lieh-chun (or Li Liejun) was a general of the 2nd rank in the KMT, best known for helping to lead the rebellion against Yuan Shikai. As leader of Jiangxi, he was one of the main participants of the National Protection Army.
钱名山故居 – Qian Mingshan’s ancestral home at 30 Fuxing Zhong Lu (Taoyuan Village) 复兴中路桃源村30号: Qian Mingshan was a calligrapher who lived from 1875 to 1944. You can see some of his works here.
贺天健故居 – He Tianjian’s ancestral home at 1283 Fuxing Zhong Lu (Taoyuan Village) – He Tianjian was a landscape watercolor painter. In his lifetime, he became vice president of the Shanghai Academy of Chinese Painting, a professor of the Shanghai Fine Arts School and the chief editor of “Chinese Painting Monthly.”
金九寓所 – Kim Gu’s Apartment on 4 Madang Lu: Also known by his pen name Baekbeom, Kim Gu was the leader of the Korean independence movement against the Japanese occupation and the last president of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.
黄楚九故居 – Huang Chujiu’s ancestral home at Lane 30 Longmen Lu: Huang Chujiu was a early 20th century industrialist who founded The Great World entertainment venue (大世界 Da Shijie), a highlight of the city that received both elite and lower class customers. He got his first fortune selling snake oil – a “brain tonic” that had an imprint of a foreigner on the bottle (crazy how early that started, eh?).
盖叫天故居 – Gai Jiaotian’s ancestral home on Xing An Lu in Baokang: Gai Jiaotian was a major Chinese opera star, who was known for his performance in Beijing Opera plays such as “Wu Song,” “The LIon Storied-Building,” and “On the Cross-Road Slope.” He is one of the most influential figures in the “martial arts” genre of opera and he developed his own wusheng performing school.
张群故居 – Zhang Qun’s ancestral residence on 74 Shaoxin Lu: Zhang Qun (usually known as Chang Ch’un) was premier of the Republic of China and a high up member of the KMT. He later became secretary general and was a senior advisor to four Taiwan presidents.
薛笃弼故居 – Xie Dubi’s ancestral residence at 61 Sinan Lu: A longstanding politician in the early 20th century, Xie Dubi had, amongst other positions, been appointed chief of the Northern Government Ministry of Justice, the Interior Minister, governor of Gansu Province before the Nationalist took over and Ministry of the Interior and Water Resources Committee chairman after 1927.When the Communists took over, he refused to run to Taiwan in order to take care of frail family members. But in 1955, he joined the Communist Party and began serving on the CPPCC National Committee.
章太炎故居 – Zhang Taiyan’s ancestral residence: 2 Inside Yufu裕福里2号 Also known as Zhang Binglin, Zhang Taiyan was an anti-Manchu revolutionary and Chinese philologist who helped compile the first systematic work of Chinese etymology.
A painting from Zhang Daqian
张大千故居 – Zhang Daqian’s ancestral residence at 16 Madang Lu: Besides being one of China’s first impressionist painters and a great Guohua artist, Zhang Daqian was also China’s most gifted master forger: “So prodigious was his virtuosity within the medium of Chinese ink and colour that it seemed he could paint anything. His output spanned a huge range, from archaising works based on the early masters of Chinese painting to the innovations of his late works which connect with the language of Western abstract art.”
张善仔故居 – Zhang Shanzi’s ancestral residence on 16 Madang Lu: Zhang Daqian’s brother, also an artist, who participated with him in various works.
邵力子旧居 – Shao Lizi’s old residence at Lane 163 Zizong Lu No. 5: Shao Lizi was a Communist philosopher and politician who had studied journalism in Japan in 1916 before returning and joining first the Marxism Research Society and then the Chinese Communist Party. He has also, during his lifetime, served as president of Shanghai University and the ambassador to the Soviet Union.
胡愈之旧居 – Hu Yuzhi’s old residence at Lane 385 Yan’an Zhong Lu: Though best known for being vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, Hu Yuzhi was also an editor, internationalist and language aficionado – he headed the All-China Esperanto League!
夏采曦旧居 Xia Caixi’s old residence at 70 Huang Duzhen Laodong Street: Xia Caixi was a revolutionary student who participated in many major events for the Communist Party during the Republic of China years. He was unfortunate enough to be in Russia during the purges, and died there.