Shanghai has begun scaling back its suburban bus routes, canceling lines and changing some so they terminate at a metro stop instead of going all the way into the city. City traffic authorities say that changes to 283 routes (out of a total 1,165) will help reduce congestion in the city. Residents have begun complaining, saying they are being forced to ride the metro, sometimes paying both bus fair (2 yuan) and metro fair (3-5 yuan) to get into the city, where once only a single bus sufficed. But eventually Shanghai transportation management actually hopes to increase, not decrease, the number of bus routes in an effort to increase the number of commuters using public transportation (currently only 30%.) The changes now are aimed at consolidation and efficiency.