Photo from Wikipedia of Zhang Chongren and Herge’s meeting in 1981
Sorry about the delay in getting out the latest part of this series. In case you’d forgotten (and rightfully so), we’ve been searching through a list of 155 unprotected heritage sites in Shanghai. Here is Part I (Baoshan and Hongkou) Part II (Huangpu, Zhabei and Putuo) and Part III (Luwan and Jiading). Part IV is about Minhang and Yangpu.
It wasn’t until I got to Yangpu that I realized how slipshod this list actually is even for Chinese people. Not only were there misspellings of famous names, but some of these “unprotected heritage” locations were actually put down as “whereabouts unknown”! What a headache.
Still, there’s a treasure trove of people to read up on below, including several engineering entrepreneurs, the venerable staff of Fudan University, and Tintin’s Chinese friend!
张充仁纪念馆 七宝镇蒲溪广场75号 Zhang Chongren Memorial Hall at No. 75, River Plaza in Qipao Town: Zhang Chongren was a Chinese artist and sculptor who’s good friend most Europeans know: Hergé, the Belgian comics writer and artist and creator of The Adventures of Tintin. It’s thanks to Zhang that Tintin’s adventures in China were based less on stereotypes and more on the accurate events of the time (Western influences, corrupt oficials and Japanese forces). The character Chang Chong-chen is based on Zhang.
刘湛恩故居 – Liu Zhan’en’s ancestral home inside University of Shanghai for Science & Technology: Liu Zhan’en was a notable academic – before becoming head of Shanghai University, he had studied at the University of Chicago in Chicago, Columbia University in New York, and Southeast University in Nanjing. He actively participated in the anti-Japanese movement. He was killed by thugs shortly after rejecting a post as the Minister of Education in the psuedo-government of 1928.
蒋介石在大陆最后官邸 – The last residence of Chiang Kai-shek in China in Fuxing Park on Fuxing Island: Chiang left Shanghai long before he fled to Taiwan (escaping from Chengdu just before Christmas ’49), but it seems his last residence in our city was in the picturesque Fuxing Island, located at the east shore line of the Huangpu River at the northern edge of Pudong developing belt.
Bao Fu Fa, which translates into “The Way of Protecting Fortune”
胡西园故居 原上海亚明灯泡厂 – Hu Xiyuan’s ancestral home at the original location of the Shanghai Yaming Light Bulb Factory: A Chinese Thomas Edison, Hu Xiyuan was a famous Shanghai inventor best known for his creation of a type of fluorescent light bulb. Before liberation, he served as president of the City Electric Industry Association. After the liberation, he was named executive director of the Central Democratic National Consturction Association and was a Yangpu CPPCC member.
刘柏寿旧居 原天章记录纸厂内 – Liu Boshou’s old house inside the original location of the Tianzhang Recording Paper Mill Factory: Actually, I believe this might be a typo on the parts of whoever edited the original Chinese list. While there is no Liu Boshou that I can find, there is a Liu Bosun (刘柏森) who became a paper mill magnate after buying one of the first modern printing presses to be made in China. The China Paper Mill Company on 408 Yangshupu Lu (杨树浦路408号) also counts itself as China’s first joint venture, financed jointly by American and Chinese entrepreneurs.
杨俊生旧居 原中华造船厂内 – Yang Junshun’s old home in the original location of the China Shipbuilding Factory: Yet another entrepreneur, Yang Junshun was known for his major contributions to the Chinese shipbuilding industry in the fields of design, construction and education.
凌爱珍旧居 原中华造船厂内 – Ling Aizhen’s old house in the original location of the China Shipbuilding Factory: Surprisingly, also residing in a shipyard was a Shanghai songstress named Ling Aizhen. Though she got into show business at an early age, she’s best known for her role as the grandmother in the operatic version of The Legend of the Red Lantern. You can see some of her videos on Tudou.
王孝和旧居 杨树浦发电厂内 – Wang Xiaohe’s old home in the Yangshupu Electricity Factory: Wang Xiaohe was a trade unionist at Shanghai Electric who was executed by the Kuomingtang when he was only 24 years old. Those who watched Jia Zhangke’s “I Wish I Knew” may remember his story through the recollection of his daughter, Wang Peimin, who never met her father but still can retell his story (and has a picture of him moments before his execution, head held high and smiling) with an almost eerie sense of having been there.
王孝和就义处 长阳路上海市监狱 – Wang Xiaohe’s location of martyrdom at Changyang Lu Shanghai District Prison: Just a few blocks away from where he lived is where Wang Xiaohe died.
叶懋英纪念馆 同济大学内 – Ye Maoying’s Memorial in Tongji University: Ye Maoying was a famous math teacher, one of the first secondary school educators in Shanghai, and was known for her compassion and her work helping peasants and workers overcome learning difficulties. She died in the midst of the Cultural Revolution, having been blacklisted by the Gang of Four, but was honored by Tongji University roughly a decade after her death.
马相伯旧居 复旦大学内 – Ma Xiangbo’s old house inside Fudan University: Ma Xiangbo was a Qing Dynasty scholar and ordained member of the Jesuit order who founded several institutions of higher learning, including Fudan Public School and Aurora Academy (now Fudan University). Ma’s vision for his work in China was “an establishment for advanced education that would specialize in the translation of Western books necessary for the modernization of China and develop textbooks in sciences and liberal arts needed by Chinese universities.”
李登辉旧居 复旦大学内 – Li Denghui’s old home in Fudan University: Who knew that there were so many famous people named Li Denghui? This isn’t the former Taiwanese president but rather another educator who helped Fudan University get off its feet. He was president of Fudan University for 23 years (1913 to 1936) and altogether worked for the institution, in all its various upheavals, for over 40 years.
陈望道故居 国顺路复旦第九宿舍 – Chen Wangdao’s ancestral home at Guoshun Lu, Fudan’s No. 9 Dormitory: Another educator and former Fudan University president, one of Chen Wangdao‘s many achievements include being the first to translate the Communist Manifesto into Chinese.
朱元鼎旧居 原上海水产学院 – Zhu Yuanding’s old house at the original Shanghai Fisheries University location: Zhu Yuanding is a fishy, fishy man. Just kidding… kinda! Zhu was known for his fisheries research and ichthyology education, and he is considered the principal founder of Chinese fish and aquatic sciences. After 1952, he served as both professor and president at Shanghai Fisheries University, a research director at the Fish Research Office and a director at the East China Sea Fisheries Research Institute.
箫友楫旧居 民京路918号内 – No clue! Seriously, I couldn’t find a single Chinese article on this guy, so anyone who wants to help me out, please put him (or possibly her) in comments.
Unknown in Yangpu
Interestingly enough, the Yangpu section had quite a few famous people with “undefined” addresses. I suppose that there were historical documents that said they lived in Yangpu, but didn’t specify where. I’m not sure how this fits into a list that’s supposed to document “heritage sites” (where are they protecting if they don’t know the locations, really?), but I’ve listed tidbits about the people anyway.
张浩旧居 不详 Zhang Hao’s old house: There were a surprising amount of famous (or at least noteworthy) Zhang Haos in Chinese history, but I believe the one most likely to have lived here was another revolutionary martyr and the Shanghai Yangshupu ministry’s first secretary. He helped found the “Chinese Workers 中国工人” magazine and died from overwork in 1942.
Wang Genying with her child in Shanghai from Baidu
王根英旧居 不详 Wang Genying’s old house: Wang Genying was a Pudong native and a spy for the CCP against the Japanese who managed to save a lot of comrades but ultimately died young herself. At age 33, in order to protect documents from a surprise raid, she was gunned down by Japanese soldiers. Coincidentally, the day she was shot to death was March 8th, now International Women’s Day. His husband was nice enough to vow to abstain from marrying anyone else for three years after her death.
袁滨忠旧居 不详 Yuan Binzhong’s old house: A talented actor and singer, Yuan Binzhong suffered greatly under the Cultural Revolution, ironically over a patriotic opera. Apparently, the Aihua Shanghai Opera Company had their own version of Red Lantern, a “model” theatrical production. Yuan was arrested, interrogated and tortutred by “rebel” Red Guards who objected to his portrayal of the hero, the railway signalman. He hung himself in 1967 at age 35.
杨台中旧居 不详 Yang Taizhong: Yet another mystery figure! There is nothing on Yang Taizhong that I can find anywhere, except that his (or her) house is somewhere in Yangpu.