The annual Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report from the US Department of State has been published for 2013, and it’s not looking good for China. The report specifically blames the One Child Policy for creating a gender imbalance that fosters sex trafficking and the importation of women as brides.
The State Department report classifies countries in a tiered system: Tier-1 countries are those with minimal human trafficking risk, like Canada or Finland. Tier-2 nations have not fully complied with the Trafficking Victims Protection Act, and include places like Bolivia and India. China, along the brilliant company of Iran, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Libya, and Sudan, is now chugging along in Tier 3.
According to the TIPS Report:
Chinese women and girls are subjected to sex trafficking within China; they are often recruited from rural areas and transported to urban centers. China is also a destination for women and girls, largely from neighboring countries, who are sometimes subjected to forced marriage and forced prostitution upon arrival. […]
The Chinese government’s birth limitation policy and a cultural preference for sons, create a skewed sex ratio of 118 boys to 100 girls in China, which served as a key source of demand for the trafficking of foreign women as brides for Chinese men and for forced prostitution. Women from Burma, Malaysia, Vietnam, and Mongolia are transported to China after being recruited through marriages brokers or fraudulent employment offers, where they are subsequently subjected to forced prostitution or forced labor.
China was a Tier-2 country until this year, when its failure to take any steps towards reforming the current system prompted the State Department to lower its ranking.
The full report PDF can be read here.
Image via The State Department