Colorectal cancer has seen a four-fold increase of cases since the 1970s in Shanghai, and experts are saying that the upward trend, not taking into account the growing elderly population, is a result of lifestyle changes including a higher consumption of meat, a decline in healthy food, and a more sedentary lifestyle, Shanghai Daily reports.
The city launched a free colorectal cancer screening program in April last year. By the end of March this year, 1.12 million people had been screened. Of 205,000 people found to be at high risk, 55,000 had gone to hospitals for further checks and 943 cases of colorectal cancer were found.
Shanghai diagnosed 56,445 cases of cancer last year with an incidence of 399 out of every 100,000 people. That compared to 390 in every 100,000 in 2012, the Shanghai Health and Family Planning Commission said yesterday to mark the start of a tumor prevention and control week. […]
There were 36,239 cancer-related deaths last year, or 256 in every 100,000 of the population, lower than the previous year’s 258 in every 100,000. Monitoring showed that mortality due to cancer has been dropping in recent years in the city.
Colorectal cancer is now second only to lung caner in terms of cases in the city.
According to previous figures released by the Shanghai Disease Control and Prevention center, nearly one in 60 Shanghai residents have been diagnosed with cancer.
Some two percent of females in the city have been diagnosed with the disease, breast cancer being the most common type among patients. Figures have also shown that average age of female breast cancer patients is on the rise.
Around 1.5 percent of men have been diagnosed with cancer in the city, with lung cancer being the most prevalent type among them.
Smoking is still the leading cause of cancer in China. Over half of the men in the country smoke, including 41 percent of doctors. The number of smokers among women in Shanghai has also increased, from 3.7 percent in 2011 to 4.8 percent now.
Doctors recommend regular screening, prescriptive intervention and of course urge people to quit smoking, control alcohol consumption and to include more exercise and healthy foods in their routines.