Government officials say that by 2020, Shanghai will see its population capped at 25 million. Meanwhile, Beijing’s population will be regulated to just 23 million. Suck on that Beijing!
Shanghai’s mayor Yang Xiong presented a government work report at the Shanghai People’s Congress on Sunday, announcing that “a mixture of stringent measures will be taken to rein in population increase.”
The target of 25 million was already established and purportedly calculated with the city’s resources and layout in mind. However, the exact measures for population control still are yet to be disclosed.
As of the end of 2014, temporary residential permit and hukou (household registration) holders in Shanghai numbered 24.3 million. Yet it’s believed that including unregistered migrant workers, the city’s total population is more like 30 million, Shanghai being too attractive for its own good.
Meanwhile, Beijing has similar plans to limit its own population. Mayor Wang Anshun announced that the target of 23 million will be achieved by relocating the downtown population to suburban areas within the next five years.
Specifically, in 2016 approximately 300 companies will be relocated, along with hospitals in the Dongcheng district. Within the next five years, large logistics bases, wholesale markets, and — as rumoured — government organs will join that number.
Thanks to government efforts, Beijing has recently experienced slower population growth, with an annual growth rate of 2% over the last five years in comparison to its previous 5%. In 2015 permanent residents numbered 21.7 million, and the aim this year is to limit the population within 22 million.